Updated: Apr 22
But even if it’s become widely popular, there are still a lot of fuzzy areas. Many people know about the existence of CBD, but they don’t know exactly what it is or how it works. In this post, we’re uncovering all you need to know about CBD.
What Does CBD Stand For & Where Does It Come From?
CBD stands for cannabidiol—one of the several types of cannabinoids, or active compounds, found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabidiols are known to bind with the receptors in our bodies to help us achieve homeostasis. This can have varied effects on the body, including a sense of calmness, balance, and relief.
CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and used to make the products you see on store shelves today, like CBD oils, capsules, and creams.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
Now, there are two names for cannabis plants you need to know—hemp and marijuana. Both contain CBD.
Though they aren’t distinct plants scientifically, they are very similar looking. Knowing their differences can help you make informed and safer CBD-purchasing decisions.
Hemp is legally defined as a cannabis plant with 0.3 percent or less THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) —the cannabinoid best known for creating the mind-altering “high”—by dry weight. If the THC content goes over 0.3 percent, the plant/product is classified as marijuana. Therefore, the difference between hemp and marijuana is the amount of THC.
At Zeng Naturals, all of our products are THC-free.
THC vs. CBD
Both THC and CBD are types of cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. As we mentioned above, THC has a psychological effect, creating a mind-altering “high.”
THC activates dopamine, a neurotransmitter that plays a large role in helping us feel pleasure, in our brains. Large amounts of THC produce euphoric feelings associated with the “high.”
CBD may help you feel more relaxed, but it will not get you high. Though some CBD products have trace amounts of THC (0.3 percent or less), this amount will not create mind-altering effects.
How Does the Body Use CBD?
So how exactly does CBD work with our bodies? Research shows our endocannabinoid system (ECS)—neurotransmitters and receptor cells that run throughout our tissues—produces cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2).
These receptors help regulate our cardiovascular, nervous, and immune systems, maintaining bodily functions like mood, appetite, and sleep.
Because the ECS produces its own cannabinoids, it holds a lock-and-key interaction with plant-derived cannabinoids. So when we take CBD products, the CBD binds with our ECS, which helps promote biological balance.
The Benefits of CBD
For the reasons above, CBD has been used as a natural remedy for various issues like:
Anxiety/depression: CBD has shown promise in decreasing social anxiety disorder (SAD). In one study where individuals suffering from anxiety and poor sleep were given 25 mg of CBD, the majority of participants showed lower anxiety scores and better sleep scores.
Pain: Researchers have found CBD and other cannabinoids may reduce chronic pain. By binding to the ECS, CBD can provide anti-inflammatory properties. The Arthritis Foundation released guidelines for patients who are interested in taking CBD to help manage their pain.
5 Main Types of CBD Products
Here are five main types of CBD products you’ll find.
1. CBD Oils
Most CBD oils are taken under the tongue with a dropper. This is called sublingual absorption.
The membranes underneath our tongues absorb hemp extracts (they tend to absorb the CBD more quickly and effectively than if you were to swallow them). After you leave them under your tongue for about 30 seconds, you can swallow the remaining oil, which will be absorbed through your digestive system.
2. CBD Softgels
If sublingual absorption isn’t your thing, try out softgels. Just like your daily vitamins, all you need to do is swallow your CBD softgel with your drink of choice.
Softgels go through your digestive system, which means it’ll take a bit longer for you to feel its effects than with sublingual absorption. But CBD softgels are still a great option if you’re looking for something simple to incorporate into your daily routine.
3. CBD Gummies
Like softgels, CBD gummies are taken orally, and the CBD is absorbed through your digestive system. Gummies are another easy way to get your CBD fix. Better yet, they’re tasty and a more discreet way of ingesting CBD.
4. CBD Salves
If you’re physically active and experience frequent muscle soreness or pain, CBD salve sticks could be a good fit for you. Salves, types of balm that soothe areas of your body, are applied topically to your skin.
When applied, the CBD interacts with the cannabinoid receptors on our skin. Topical CBD products allow you to target specific areas of your body that need some extra love and attention.
5. CBD Creams
CBD creams are another topical CBD formula you can easily rub on the areas of your body that need it. Of the 29 percent of folks using CBD for their arthritis, over half use a topical product to apply to their joints.
So how do you know which one is the right one for you? It depends on the method of absorption you prefer and how it affects your body. Whatever product you decide to go with, consult with your doctor before taking it, and be sure to contact a doctor if you experience any problems.
Where to Buy CBD
Thanks to the rapidly evolving CBD industry, you can find CBD online or in brick and mortar shops near you. But before you start dropping items into your cart, look into your state or county’s laws around hemp. Is CBD legal where you’re based?
Though the 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp on the federal level, states and counties can still establish their own laws around CBD. And not all U.S. states have legalized the growth, selling, and use of hemp and CBD products. So before making a purchase, make sure you know all about CBD and stay within legal bounds.
Find Your CBD with Zeng Naturals
Whether you’re just starting on your CBD journey or you’re a seasoned CBDer, it’s important to find something that works for your body. Everyone’s bodies are different, so steer away from the one-size-fits-all approach.
At Zeng Naturals, we proudly cater to all CBD needs with our three lines: Recharge, Snooze, and BeChill. Start browsing to find a product that best suits your body and needs.